Clearances and Product Placement

A product placement and clearance coordinator employed in the production office, the parent film studio, or from an independent company must clear any likeness, individual name, business name, telephone number, license plate number, street addresses, actual product depiction, signage, or item of set dressing or clothing placed in front of the camera displaying a logo, graphic, or icon for use on a particular film project. If this clearance is not sought or if the process is not effective,...

Borders and legs

Originally a theatrical term for lengths of black velour material, generally called blacks, tailored to hang in specific arrangements to frame the look of onstage scenery. Masking stage curtains is a good way to describe blacks. A border is a horizontal black typically 8-10' high, and in widths varying from 30-50'. A leg is a vertical black typically 8-12' wide, and in lengths varying from 12-30'. A border and a pair of legs are used in groups. They are attached to suspended pipes or battens by...

Linda Berger

(Angelmaker, Forrest Gump, Death Becomes Her) Linda, what's your networking story It's pretty brilliant not my brilliance but I essentially did it twice once in 1985 in videotape and then in 1990 with film. Let me quickly backtrack. From the age of 11, I knew I wanted to design films after seeing a double billing re-release of The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance and Forbidden Planet. Watching two films of totally diverse genres told me that the sky was the limit. Creatively, it was possible to...

Wrapping Hero Sets

The art director is more involved in the process of dismantling sets. Hero sets are of special importance, but all built sets are folded and held in a designated storage facility until the show has officially wrapped. Once the director has determined exactly what scenes need to be re-shot, the art director and construction coordinator can discuss which sets will be discarded or refurbished for additional photography. It is rare for any hero scenery to be inventoried at a studio's storage...

One Liner Schedule

As you can see, the One-liner Schedule (see Fig. 8-5) is very straightforward and self-explanatory, as a shorthand version of the longer, more detailed Shooting Schedule (see Appendix D), by distilling the information down to shoot day number, date, scene number, single-line scene description, scene time of day (Day, Night, etc.), scene location type (INT, EXT), location place (Stage description or Location description), and number of pages to be shot (noted by eighth of a page increments,...

Miniatures

Three types of miniatures have been used in traditional moviemaking 1) The miniature is used as an element inset, backing through an opening in the set, 2) The model is shot as is, or 3) It is used as a component in image replacement for a composite. By comparison, a miniature is a 3D alternative to a 2D matte image (see Glass shot and Gate matte discussed previously in this chapter). Where a glass painting incorporates fixed light, shadow, and perspective, these same elements can be varied,...

Production Designerin Embryo

The chasm separating art direction from production design is deceptive. It seems easy to be a production designer, but that assumption can be an illusion. For some aspiring production designers, it is a matter of finding the narrowest section of the stream and simply stepping over the singing water for others, there is no boat in sight to help cross the vast expanse of the raging currents. Why Time and place have a lot to do with it. And so does perseverance. Those art directors who...

The New Paradigm In Experimental Film

Since its beginnings nearly 120 years ago, filmmaking has always been a self-evolving, experimental medium. Computer technology has modified that on many levels. Merged media encourages Post-it snippets of everyday iconography captured on cell phones to filter into shared video blogs on the Web or into art house theaters. Virtual intelligence peering back at us through the inside of our monitor screens demands a reflective and continued dialogue from us. Digital videography captures a highly...

Christa Munro

(Erin Brockovich, Forces of Nature, Hope Floats) Did the beginnings of your networking experience grow out of the theater, art school, or something else While working in a local art store connected with the Art Center here in L.A., I was aware of this guy who graduated from Art Center who I would bug for freelance work. One afternoon he came into the store and offered me a job. He needed drawings for large-scale models he was working on at his studio for the ancient library of Alexandria, Egypt...

Storyboarding

Although there is no specific outline available for a designer's visualization process, some are inclined to rely on storyboards as an effective shorthand method of visually communicating with the director and cinematographer. What we now refer to as animatics, has its roots in storyboard sketching. Harold Michelson's boards for The Ten Commandments (1956) and The Cotton Club (1984), Fig. 3-6A and Fig. 3-6B respectively, are extraordinary examples of previsualizing the shooting sequence of a...

Animatics

In comparison, the animatics image pages shown in Fig. 3-7A, Fig. 3-7B, Fig. 3-7C, and Fig. 3-7D are fully self-explanatory. Each cell or window of the typical storyboard page sequence is expanded onto its own page. As you can see, each page of the previsualized, computer-generated sketch indicates plan, elevation, isometric sketches for specific scenes, set info, camera info, and additional equipment info, e.g., use of a Techno crane as well as camera blocking data. The term animatics and...

Art Department Coordinator

An art department coordinator is a logistical angel in situations that can financially support this position. They are represented by Local 871, Script Supervisors, Continuity & Allied Production Specialists Guild. This is shorthand for an efficiency expert who helps establish the tone of the department through common sense organizational skills and friendly coercion. First duties include the mutual planning of the physical space, defined by a section of an office suite in any of the...

Ghost The Polar Express

This Internet interview reveals the experience and thoughts of a real groundbreaking collaborator. Doug's recent work with Rick Carter, the other production designer of The Polar Express, brings the art of digitally captured live-action motion movies full circle, as it also explores their successful experimentation with 2Y2D. Animation links the beginnings of moving picture creation to its most current explorations in the illusion of moviemaking. The work of Doug and Rick signals a new synergy...

Industry Service Listings

As you might well imagine, the phonebook roster of movie industry service listings is as gigantic as the sprawling landscape of Los Angeles. A practical solution to compiling the definitive source listing for this overwhelming task began over a decade ago, as the search for resources became a continuous activity. The resulting entries, FILM-POCKET LISTINGS, are compiled in Appendix A in the most comprehensive list my successive art departments and I could collectively manage for the first...

Interior Sets

Interior scenic design problems were resolved clearly and exactly by Maya Shimoguchi (Terminator 3 Rise of the Machines, The Ring, Minority Report) in her drafting for interior city jail Willie's cell, Murder in the First (1995). The holding cell Figs. 6-1A and Fig. 6-1B is based on a concept idea created by the production designer, Kirk Petrucelli (Lara Croft Tomb Raider, The Patriot, Blade) and director, Mark Rocco (Where the Day Takes You, Dream a Little Dream, Scenes from the Goldmine), as...

Production design

Refers to a film's overall design, continuity, visual look, and composition, i.e., color palette, graphics, previsualization, set design and construction, costumes, set dressing, props, locations, etc., that are the responsibility of the production designer. The art department refers to the people in various roles, e.g., digital concept artists, set designers and draft persons, set decorator and staff, concept illustrators, graphic designers, and storyboard artists, who work under the...

Design Manager The Lifers

Some art directors are career professionals they choose not to production design or necessarily aspire to it. Instead, they are delegators of responsibility both within the art department and other departments of a film. They are judges of quality of work, arbiters of visual sensibility, and transmitters of information. As communicators and efficiency experts, they insure that whatever needs to be in front of the camera gets there through relentless attention to detail and data cross-checking....

Info

Human Male Figure From Top

Figure A1-1 Anthropometry (Read left to right, top then bottom) Measurements of US Males & Females. Standard width and height measurements for humans. Courtesy of Pentagram Design. Figure A1-2 Anthropometry (Read left to right, top then bottom) Average human workstation dimensions. Vertical partition heights. Average male & female reach. Average human overhead and under counter storage measurements. Courtesy of Pentagram Design. Figure A1-3 Anthropometry (Read left to right, top then...

Exterior Sets

White House Fsd Photo

My Fellow Americans (1996) required the design and construction of the South fa ade, South Portico, and Rose Garden of the White House on the sycamore grove of the Biltmore Estate, Asheville, North Carolina (see Fig. 6-13). Another architecturally trained, senior set designer, Harry Otto (The Terminal, 8 Mile, Minority Report) wrestled with the 1 8 scale elevations provided by the White House PR department and reliable photo book research to achieve a realistic and architectural believability...

Front Projection

2001 A Space Odyssey was the first motion picture to perfect the technique of front projection. The process was as simple as it looked. Shot A stationary camera shot the famous scene of an ape seated on the savanna pounding a small pile of dried bones with a large femur bone. Scenery The foreground savanna set small, raked, and rocky was placed in front of a highly directional, front-projection screen acting as background. The curved screen was equidistant at all points from the center of the...

Production Company Date

RATE In town _ Per Hour Day Week for a 5- 6-day week Distant location _ Per Hour Day Week for a 5- 6-day week OVERTIME_ After _hours amp _After_hours BOX EQUIPMENT RENTAL_ Per Day Week CAR ALLOWANCE_ Per Day Week Note Any equipment rented by the Production Company from the employee must be inventoried before rental can be paid.

Hanging Foreground Miniature

As a young draughtsman, John Graysmark encountered this simple technique on Anastasia 1956 . Wallace Smith's drafting was used for the construction of the miniature. Details of the process follow Shot A Trans Atlantic crane, very high, slowly panned across the nighttime expanse of the city of Paris circa 1928, during Russian Easter to the bell tower of the Russian Orthodox Church. The shot was held, faded, and then tilted down below the miniature, hanging piece to the street and church below....

Specialty Props And Animatronics

Chris Walas Spider Creation

Filmmakers will always draw on solutions from proven options because nothing succeeds like success, especially in Hollywood. A state-of-the-art effects solution might not necessarily be the optimal solution in some cases using a traditional technique, or better yet, improving upon a tried and true technique might provide the ultimate solution. This point of view is typical of a mechanical effects approach to problem solving. Animatron-ics is different. Although not scenery, animatronic objects...

Anaglypta

Trade name A type of wallpaper made from the pulp of cotton fiber now used to refer to any type of paper with embossed patterns created by hollow mouldings that can be painted, stained, and aged. It is more flexible and lighter than its similar counterpart Lincresta and was cheaper when it was first produced during the nineteenth century. It is very durable and is most commonly used below the dado rail in halls and stairways. It was invented in 1886 by Thomas Palmer, was adored by the...

Lincresta

A type of wall covering made of wood pulp strengthened with linseed oil, gum, and resins. It is usually spread over canvas and given an embossed pattern with engraved metal rollers. It can be painted or stained, and it is both waterproof and durable making it perfect for hallway walls and ceilings. It was invented in 1877 by Frederick Walton and, like Anaglypta, was commonplace in Victorian and Edwardian homes. Not much later, it was also embossed out of pressed tin for the same uses. It is...

The Process Camera

Bipack Printing Matte

A simplified, cut-away sketch of a process camera, loaded for bi-pack printing. Duplicating negative raw stock is loaded into chamber A, emulsion-in. A master positive is loaded into chamber B. emulsion-out. The exposed dupe negative is taken up into chamber C, the master positive into chamber D. The two strips pass through the intermittent movement, emulsiotl-to-emulston, with the raw stock to the rear. Figure 4-9 The process camera. Courtesy of Dr. Raymond Fielding. printer, each was...

Modern Applications Of The Camera Obscura

Concept An exterior light source passes through an adiustable opening and falls on a receiving surface, inverted and reversed. In the case of the inside of the human eyeball, the brain flips and reverses the image so we can make sense of the world around us. This process reproduces a smaller image from the original, real image on the retina but retains the integrity of the original image in our mind's eye. A gt Light source B Adjustment C gt Image capture Concept A powerful interior light...

Xzx

Figure 6-19 A Rough shot sketch and B Developed Director's plan drawn by Jim Bissell of the White House South Lawn exterior set. MY FELLOW AMERICANS 1996 Warner Bros., a division of Time Warner Entertainment Company, L.P. All Rights Reserved. sycamores dotting the Biltmore field had to be located, plotted, and worked into the larger design the site survey also helped her develop her design. Stephanie's experience as a landscape architect imbued her drawings seen in Fig. 6-23 with the...

The Roster

The Motion Picture Industry Experience Roster is a list of persons, e.g., Art Directors and Assistant Art Directors who, by virtue of their work experience, are entitled to preference of employment over persons not on the Roster. The Roster is maintained by the Contract Services Administrative Trust Fund CSATF and is separate and apart from the Union. To get onto the Roster, one must apply to Contract Services and have worked on a total of no less than 30 days for one or more signatory...

Acknowledgements

The task of writing a definitive guide on a subject as specialized as art direction is daunting. In order to include as much information as necessary to complete such a comprehensive undertaking, I relied on personal wisdom gleaned from working in the collaborative art of filmmaking, which has taught me to trust the collective experience and knowledge of my peers. Other art directors whom I admire and have helped fill in the gaps are Linda Berger, Gae Buckley, Phil Dagort, Christa Munro, and...

B

Figure 3-10 A CG model of the exterior of the terminal set for The Terminal. B Aerial view of JFK airport showing CG addition circled for The Terminal. Courtesy of Alex McDowell. Photograph by Merrick Morton for the motion picture The TerminalTM 2004 DreamWorks L.L.C., reprinted with permission by DreamWorks L.L.C. as opposed to other types of prototyping where you can do undercuts from full 3D blocks of material. As you might guess, this finished wax model in its many pieces acts as a positive...

Ilu

The larger and smaller rectangles shown here refer to the width and height, respectively, of the 1.85 1 AR as equal to the 2.40 1 AR. Depending on framing, the Normal Academy aperture will always show the same width but considerably more height than its 2.40 1 counterpart. For this reason, some cinematographers see it as a preferable lens choice in some situations. AMERICAN CINEMATOGRAPHER MANUAL, 8th Edition Courtesy of the American Society of...

Mechanical Special Effects

There is a significant amount of overlap between this subdepartment and construction. Generally, the fabrication of any special piece of mechanical scenery used in a scene is the responsibility of the mechanical effects coordinator. The rotating, interior module of a Mars shuttle for the Disney comedy, Rocketman 1997 , is a perfect example of this shared responsibility because there was a safety factor involved in the flawless operation of the gimbaled, revolving set. The welded steel...

Minority Report Lawnmower

Film technique is universal and easily applied to an industry operating in any country in the world. The international filmmakers I've had the great pleasure to work with practice their craft just as assiduously as anyone else, and once a film product filters through the Hollywood system in production or distribution, it loses its accent. The expansion of cinema iconography into the digital realm similarly defines no political boundaries. As we continue our discussion, the fact that the...

John Graysmark

Sketch 2005 Front

Figure 4-17 A Schematic of front projection using The Dawn of Man scene from Stanley Kubrick's 2001 A Space Odyssey. B Set shot of The Dawn of Man scene from Stanley Kubrick's 2001 A Space Odyssey, Courtesy of THE KOBAL COLLECTION. Used by permission of Oxford University Press, Inc. from HOW TO READ A FILM THE ART, TECHNOLOGY, LANGUAGE, HISTORY, AND THEORY OF FILM AND MEDIA, 3rd Edition by James Monaco, copyright 1977, 1981, 2000 by James Monaco. Figure 4-18 Sketch of plan and schematic by John...

White Models

Sometimes, it is actually easier to physically build a white model than to take the time to generate a digital concept model on a computer screen. Luke Freeborn, digital set designer and modeler The Terminal, The Chronicles of Riddick, Van Helsing supports this A major portion of what we do has to be done by pencil and paper or a model because it can be faster, given where you are in the process. So, a napkin and a pen can be a stronger tool than anything else.8 With its origins in...

Mdd

Dagort, Phil, 12, 14-16, 210, 216-217 Dailies, 310 Daily chronicle, 206 Dando, Henry, 153, 155 Databases, 253-254 Dawn, Norman, 88 Dawn process, 88, 89 Day-Out-of-Days chart, 194, 289 Debbie's Book, 166-167 De Govia, Jackson, 108 Delegation, 23-24, 137-138 De Mille, Cecil B., 6, 9 Depth of field, 79 Descenders, 174, 310 Design manager, 3, 17 Design process animatics, 59-68 computer modeling, 68-73, 78 concept illustration, 68, 69, 125-126 designing for the lens, 78-85 hand drafting, 52, 74-78...

Studio Facilities

The major studios in Los Angeles in 2004 are 20th Century Fox, Disney Studios, DreamWorks SKG, Paramount Pictures, Sony Pictures, Warner Bros., and Universal Pictures-MCA. See Section III. Appendix A Reference and Source lists. A comprehensive list of the major studios helps to determine which offer the following production services mill and molding shop, painting and sign shop, hardware shop, staff shop, metal shop, and scenic backings. Detail items like latches, pulls, knobs, escutcheon...

Prop Master

This is the realm of cinematic detail both literally and figuratively. In general, the broad strokes of the set decorator are distilled into minutiae in this position. Specifically, whatever an actor touches as a hand prop in the blocking of a scene becomes the focus of a prop master. An ancient coin or a cell phone can be fabricated or real, and is either found on the prop man's truck or procured by the prop man. If it's a hero prop, it must be run by the scrutiny of the art director before it...

McGuffin or Mac Guffin

Alfred Hitchcock's term for the device or plot element, e.g., an item, object, goal, event, or piece of knowledge, that catches the viewer's attention or drives the logic or action of the plot and appears extremely important to the film characters, but often turns out to be insignificant, or is to be ignored after it has served its purpose. Example Mistaken identity at the beginning of North by Northwest 1959 and the government secrets, the uranium ore in Notorious 1946 , or the stolen money in...

Basic Collective Bargaining Agreement Selected Provisions

All members hired by signatory employers must be and remain members in good standing of the union on and after the 30th day following their first day of employment. Employees are free to negotiate terms and conditions from their employers better than those provided in the Basic Agreement. Any disputes with employers concerning wages, hours, working conditions, or the interpretation of the Basic Agreement concerning these matters, may be grieved and arbitrated at no cost to the employee. The...

Gate Matting

Sketch Gate Box

According to John, this particular technique of matting footage for compositing was originally a French technique where the matting happened within the camera in the matte box at the gate, as opposed to outside of the camera as discussed in the painted glass technique. Although the schematic below features the interior of a projector and not a film camera, the concept is the same. Apparently, for Stanley Kubrick, the director of 2001 A Space Odyssey 1968 , the use of the gate matting technique...

POUSU B

jgKEUMawe -free IT MAS Figure 4-5 A Sketch of onstage set showing the elevation and plan by John Graysmark of Clavius Lunar Site in 2001 A Space Odyssey. B Descending into Clavius Lunar Site. Courtesy of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer THE KOBAL COLLECTION. Figure 4-5 A Sketch of onstage set showing the elevation and plan by John Graysmark of Clavius Lunar Site in 2001 A Space Odyssey. B Descending into Clavius Lunar Site. Courtesy of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer THE KOBAL COLLECTION. Figure 4-6 Set shot of...

Painted Glass

Norman Dawn Matte Box

Australian filmmaker, Norman Dawn, while working as a still photographer circa 1905 used the glass matte process, and later translated its use into filmmaking technique in his films For the Term of His Natural Life 1927 and his chef d'oeuvre, Tundra 1936 . A photograph see Fig. 4-1 documenting one such photographic project where he shot footage in Tasmania in 1908 reveals a platform covered by a canvas cover supporting his camera rig. If you look carefully, the painted element is visible on a...

Some History Wilfred Buckland

Wilfred Buckland

All production designers are art directors, and formerly, there were no production designers at all there were only art directors. In earliest film memory, the first creative moviemaker to be given the title of art director was Wilfred Buckland see Fig. 1-2 . By 1916 when Photoplay magazine commented on the rise of the 'artistic executive or art director,' Wilfred Buckland had already been working for Cecile B. de Mille and Paramount since 1914 and would continue to 1927.2 Previously, he had...

Phil Dagort

Six Feel Under, X-Files, The Hunted, Hard Target After graduating architecture school, how did you begin your film career The irony is that soon after I graduated with an architectural degree in the late seventies there was a recession. There were not as many jobs as before I started and with a shrunken architectural market, the film business was the perfect place to look for a job. Of course, I had planned to do this all along. My parents just wanted me to have a degree to fall back on....

Gae Buckley

The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants, Coyote Ugly, What Women Want As a child I studied painting and drawing with my mother, an artist. I also worked as an architect in NYC and wondered about continuing when I got an offer to work on a music video. The next year I worked in music videos in many different aspects of production, but still decided to try architecture again. Another friend called to lure me into scenic painting and art directing music videos, commercials, and small TV shows....

Archivist

Archiving is a new concept borne out of technological necessity. The paradigm shift from traditional to digital filmmaking combined with the ubiquitous use of laptops in the workplace has reinforced our daily reliance on computers. In fact, the movie business is populated with first adopters with regard to new technology gadgets. We, in the art department, learned that the collecting and cataloguing of imagery was a specific skill necessitating a fulltime position in order to satisfy the needs...

Rental Backings

This category explains the significant differences between source options for a range of rental or custom colortrans and translite photographic backdrops, painted backings, digital imaging sources, and rental or custom fabric backings available in Los Angeles. To date, Sony Picture Studios is home to JC Backings, owner of over 4,000 rental backings, including historic stock from MGM, Fox, Universal, and Disney. Its Web site at www.jcbackings.com home.html showcases its land-based warehouse...

Script Breakdown

The text and evocative imagery of the script are transformed into a list of tangible sets for shooting. As you might recall in Chapter 6, the sequential process of text to sets looks like Fig. 8-1. The pivotal item in this sequence is the Script or Design Breakdown Fig. 8-2 , providing essential data for each set, derived from every scene in the script. From this small, encapsulated version of vital information, the set list and corresponding construction budgets are generated. Of course, the...

Figure Caption

Fig. 1-2 Wilfred Buckland, the first Hollywood art director. Fig. 1-3 Production still from The Cheat. B An example of a Lasky Lighting effect for the same scene, designed by Wilfred Buckland. Fig. 1-4 A Perspective aerial close-up shot of Robin Hood castle. B High aerial shot of Robin Hood castle. C Production shot of the Robin Hood castle The glass painted matte above the existing set suggests additional architecture within or beyond. D Interior Great Hall...

Judge Bench At Culver Studios

Culver Studios Mansion Floor Plan

Figure 6-1B Hand-drafted city jail elevations upper and lower levels by Maya Shimoguchi. MURDER IN THE FIRST 1994 Warner Bros., a division of Time Warner Entertainment Company, L.P. and Le Studio Canal U.S. . All Rights Reserved. Figure 6-2 Hand-drafted city jail ceiling reflected ceiling plan, section through ceiling skylight, and FSD of skylight center by Maya Shimoguchi. MURDER IN THE FIRST 1994 Warner Bros., a division of Time Warner Entertainment Company, L.R and Le Studio Canal U.S. . All...

Robot Van Helsing Elf The Matrix Revisited Fight Club

After you finished training at MIT, wasn't your early work based on the East coast Starship Troopers 1997 was the contract that brought us out to Los Angeles, while we maintained a base office in New York City. During the course of that project, we realized that computer visualization service was something we could market and sell. A lot of people didn't even know what it was, thinking it was referring to storyboards. They didn't realize that it was three-dimensional, offering specific...

Table Of Framing Heights

Framing Heights

Historically there are twice as many framing shots used in filmmaking. I have included the most fundamental ones in this table. THE CINEMARATI 100 A FEW OF OUR FAVORITE MOVIES The List compiled by Bryant Frazer, December 2001 gives the reader an idea of what's hot and not in terms of viewable films.

Martini shot

The last shot of the last scene of the day jut before wrap time. Matte shot The optical process of combining or compositing separately-photographed shots usually actors in the foreground and the setting in the background onto one print through a double exposure that does not meld two images on top of each other, but masks off, or makes opaque, part of the frame area for one exposure and the opposite area for another exposure. It is a photographic technique whereby a painting or artwork from a...

The Physical Scenery Process Construction

Once hand-built and digital models are constructed, drafting is detailed and approved, and then blueprints are distributed to the construction coordinator. The design is committed to physical form from that point onward. Changes are expensive. It's wiser to wait a day or two for a firm decision from an indecisive production designer than to rush plans into the shop and literally pay for the consequences. This isn't necessarily a rule-of-thumb, but it is worth considering in the midst of the...

Michael Rizzo

Amsterdam Boston Heidelberg London New York Oxford Paris San Diego San Francisco Singapore Sydney Tokyo Acquisitions Editor Elinor Actipis Project Manager Jeff Freeland Assistant Editor Cara Anderson Marketing Manager Christine Degon Cover Design Susan Shapiro Focal Press is an imprint of Elsevier 30 Corporate Drive, Suite 400, Burlington, MA 01803, USA Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, UK Copyright 2005, Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be...

Traveling Mattes

Traveling Matte

Compositing foreground action with actors and a background shot elsewhere onto the same piece of film has been the concern of filmmakers since the beginning years of the commercial film industry. An original solution to this problem was resolved through rear projection. The translucent projection screen was substituted for the glass as in the painted glass shot and a projected photographic film image was applied to the back of the screen instead of paint. The rest is self-explanatory. More...

Endnotes

Online source Program in Media Arts and Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology GENERAL INFORMATION FOR APPLICANTS. Retrieved from the World Wide Web at 2. Art Directors' Film Society tribute to Dean Mitzner TRON Production Design and the Next Generation of Animated, Live Action presented June 6, 2004 at the Directors' Guild, Los Angeles, CA Linda Berger, chairperson of the Art Directors' Film Society 2003-2004, has been the writer and producer of 11 programs...

Foreground Miniature

Escape to Athena 1979 provides a quick and simple example of the use of a foreground miniature see Fig. 4-14 . Before we analyze this, it's important to note that 1 A 25 mm wide angle lens for best depth of field was used, and 2 The F-stop indicated by the cameraman for this lens provided to the art department with the exact depth of field as an exact reference, e.g., 2 10 to 5'-2. Shot Climax scene of actors hiding behind protective rocks at the bottom of the frame as the monastery explodes...

Construction Coordinator

Before the stateroom of the Titanic is painted and dressed, the literal framework of that set contained within the larger boat must have a solid, shootable structure. Every construction coordinator is a practical expert in answering questions of physical and structural problem solving. For example, is it more efficient to build a three-story shooting platform out of steel tubing or standard wood construction Given the material, what is the maximum weight, including the camera, the platform will...

The Art Directors Guild

There are many unions and guilds that comprise the motion picture industry. Each organization has its own set of requirements for entry. The Art Directors amp Scenic, Title and Graphic Artists Local 800 at www.ialocal800.org requires proof of a specified number of hours and days worked on a particular non-union job and proof of expertise in art directing. While working in the non-union arena, document your progress as you go. Save original deal memos, paycheck stubs, crew lists, call sheets,...

Hand Drafting

Set designers, or draftsmen, are the unsung heroes of the art department. They are responsible for the actual design of the film because they are the most intimate with the drawn details. The adage, God is in the details, can be conveniently modified to suit our needs by realizing that The details are in the set design. And those details are most typically found in one-quarter scale 3 1' or in full-scale 1' 1' as architecturally drawn detail for all scenery, although other scales are used as...

Art Department Setup

The art director contributes to the physical and political setup of the art department by interviewing and hiring the art department coordinator, the set designers, model makers, the archivist, previz illustrators, graphic designer, computer graphic artists, set decorator, mechanical effects coordinator, and prop master, as well as overseeing the selection of the respective set dressers, set buyers, on-set decorators, prop makers, mechanical effect makers, carpenters, welders, plasterers, foam...

Vfy

Figure 4-12 A Plan sketch of foreground hanging miniature set by John Graysmark for Anastasia. B Elevation sketch of foreground hanging miniature set by John Graysmark for Anastasia. valley of the arc, nodding up and down, then the effect of a nodal head is once again at work. The shot in the scene described previously would have obviously looked very different without the use of the nodal tilting head. This illustrates a critical design point. Without an understanding of basic camera movement,...

Tdy

Figure 3-11 A White model of The Terminal set. B Finished CG model of the exterior detail of The Terminal set. Courtesy of Alex McDowell. Photograph by Merrick Morton for the motion picture The TerminaFM 2004 DreamWorks L.L.C., reprinted with permission by DreamWorks L.L.C. a senior level, union set designer, shared thoughts and facts about her work as a film design professional Is draftsperson the politically correct term for your title Draftsperson is a valid title. I prefer the term set...

Forced Perspective

False Perspective Paintings

This is a practical technique for shooting a scene in a studio with less space than might be required. How can that happen Isn't the size of a studio predetermined by the number of sets scheduled to occupy the space Initially, it is. Then any number of things could happen the schedule changes or a critical location is lost or an additional series of shots are added to forward the storytelling. At that point, a forced perspective set might be squeezed into the empty space previously occupied by...