Movement: Dual pilot pin registration ensures pro-cess-plate image steadiness. Pilot pins register in the same perforation holes (immediately below the bottom frame line) as optical printers. Double pull-down claws. Pitch and stroke controls for optimizing camera quietness. 4-perf movement is standard, 3-perf is available. Movement may be removed for servicing.
Aperture Plate: Removable for checking and cleaning. Full-frame aperture is standard, aperture mattes are used for all other frame sizes. A special perforation locating pin above the aperture ensures trouble-free and rapid film threading.
Aperture Mattes: Interchangeable aperture mattes are available for Academy, Anamorphic, Super 35, 1.85:1,
1.66:1, and any other as required. Special hard mattes are available on request.
Shutter: Focal plane shutter, infinitely variable and adjustable in-shot. Maximum opening: 200°, minimum: 50° with adjustable maximum and minimum opening stops. A digital display allows adjustments in Vw° increments. Micrometer adjustment allows critical synchronization with computers, TV monitors and HMI lighting at unusual frame rates. Manual and electronic remote control units available.
Behind-the-lens Filtering: Behind-the-lens gel filter holder.
Reflex System: Reflex rotating mirror is standard and is independent of the light shutter system. Interchangeable semi-silvered fixed reflex mirror for flicker-free viewing is optional.
Optical Viewfinder System: High magnification optical system. The viewfinder tube is orientable and gives a constantly upright image through 360°. Short, Intermediate and Long viewfinder tubes are available. System incorporates an optical magnifier for critical focusing and picture composition, a de-anamorphoser, a contrast viewing filter and a light-proof shutter. Wide-range ocular adjustment with marker bezel to note individual settings. A built-in "Panaclear" eyepiece heater ensures mist-free viewing. Adjustable eyepiece leveling link-arm is supplied with every Panahead to keep the eyepiece position constant while tilting the camera. Entire optical viewfinder system may be removed and replaced with a video viewfinder display for lightweight camera configuration (e.g., for Panaglide, Steadicam, Louma, remote camera usage). An eyepiece diopter to suit the operator's own eyesight can be provided on request.
Ground Glasses: Interchangeable ground glasses available with any marking, or combination of markings. "Panaglow" illuminated reticle system with brightness control is standard. Ground glasses with finer or coarser texture available on request. Provision for a cut frame to be placed in the viewfinder system for optical image matching. Frame cutters are available to suit negative or positive perforations.
Lens Mounting System: Panavision positive clamp lens mount for maintaining critical flange focal depth setting. All lenses are pinned to ensure proper rotational ori entation. (Note: this is particularly important with anamor-phic lenses.) Iris-rod support is supplied.
Lenses: Exceptionally wide range of spherical, an-amorphic and specialty lenses is available. All are checked and calibrated by MTF. Primo lenses are all color matched and range from a distortion-free 10mm to 150mm. Primo zoom lenses are equal to Primo lenses in image-look and optical performance. All Primo lenses have widely spaced lens focus calibrations and have been especially designed for low veiling glare. Physically long lenses are supplied with adequate length iris rods for matte box and filter support, ultra wide-angle lenses are supplied with a suitable sun-shade and matte box.
Lens Control: A lightweight focus control which can be used from either side of the camera is standard; an interchangeable "Studio" focus control unit is optional, as are electronic remote focus and aperture controls. Zoom lenses are supplied with an electronic zoom control unit as standard.
Matte Boxes: A standard matte box incorporating a sunshade, with provision for two 4 x 5.650" filters which can be individually slid up and down. Special matte boxes incorporating more filter stages, with provision for sliding (motorized if required), rotating and/or tilting and for taking 6.6" square filters are optional. Panavision can also supply special sliding diffusers, diopters and all manner of image control filters, etc, to use in their matte boxes.
Camera Motor: A 24-volt motor is used to run the camera at any speed from 4-36 fps and is crystal controlled at all speeds and may be adjusted in Vwth fps increments. Special sync boxes are available to synchronize the camera with a mains power supply, with computers and video signals and with process projectors to run in shutter phase synchronization. Panaflex cameras may be used at sub-zero temperatures without special preparation.
DBA Rating: Less than 20 dB with film and lens, measured 3' from the image plane.
Magazines: 2000', 1000', 500' and 250' magazines are all available. All can be used on the top of the camera for minimum camera length or at the rear for minimum camera height and for good balance when hand-holding (2000' magazines can be used in the top position only). 1000' reverse running magazines available on request.
Magazine Loading: See diagram.
Hand-holdability: Handles and a shoulder-rest are provided for hand-holding the camera. In this configuration the camera is best used with a 500' or 250' magazine fitted at the rear. The weight of the camera in hand-held mode, with a 500' magazine and film, is approximately 27 lbs.
Image Contrast Control: "Panaflasher" light overlay unit an optional accessory.
Optical Accessories: Front-of-lens optical accessories include an exceptionally wide range of color control filters, diffusion filters, fog filters, low-contrast filters, black, white and colored nets, full-cover and split diopters, low/high angle inclining prisms.
Batteries: Camera, magazines, heaters and accessories all operate off a single 24V Ni-Cad battery. The normal battery complement is two x cased units with built-in chargers. Belt batteries are optional.
Camera Support Equipment: "Panahead" geared head, incorporates a 60° tilt range with a built-in wedge system to allow the operator to select where that range is, anywhere between the camera pointing directly up or directly down, and three gear ratios in both the pan and tilt movements. A sliding base unit enables a camera to be quickly attached and detached and to be slid backwards and forwards on the head for optimum balance. "Panatate" turn-over mount allows 360° camera rotation about the lens axis while at the same time permitting nodal pan and tilt movements. Nodal adapter available to mount a Panaflex nodally on a Panahead. "Panapod" tripods with carbon fiber legs are available in a range of sizes.
Video Assist Systems: State-of-the-art, CCD video systems are available in B &W or color.
Environmental Protection Equipment: All Panaflex cameras and magazines have built-in heaters to enable them to be operated in any ambient temperature. Heated covers are available to give additional protection to lenses, especially zoom lenses, to keep their operation smooth in intensely cold conditions. Other covers are available to protect the camera, magazines and lenses from heat and dust and from rain and water. Spinning-glass rain deflectors are available for use in storm conditions. An autobase is available to secure the camera in conditions of vibration high "g-forces" and other stressful and dangerous conditions. A water-box is available to protect the camera in shallow water conditions, a hazard box to protect the camera from explosions, collisions and other dangerous situations.
Time Code: The AatonCode code system encodes every frame with a SMPTE time code which is readable by both computer and human.
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