Vulnerable Bodies

As I have already mentioned, the secondary but memorable presence of death and old people is a key reminder of the futility of youth in both Barrio and El Bola. In El Bola, Pablo helps his mother wash his grandmother but looks away while he holds her in the shower. His family's attitude to the body and death is very different from Alfredo's the latter discusses his godfather's illness, and at one point the whole family and some friends joke about farting in the car. They have a tactile...

Theorizinc Queer Cirls In Film

The emergence of independent queer girl romance films in the 1990s can be traced to the release of Rose Troche's Go Fish (1994), which promised quirky insider ways of seeing the lives of individuals and communities historically marginalized within mainstream cinema. Marking a turning point in which young lesbians are positioned at the center of fictional feature films, these and other films, such as Cheryl Dunye's Watermelon Woman (1997), contributed to a growing range of lesbian characters...

Father Figures

According to a survey carried out by the CIS (Spanish Centre of Sociological Research) in 1999, 80 percent of young Spaniards between the ages of 15 and 29 live at their parents' home and 60 percent live off their parents' income (42 percent exclusively so). Recent studies suggest that the age of emancipation of young people in Spain continues to increase due to the high cost of housing and instability of jobs (Requena, 1-13). Spanish critics such as Mon-terde (1993) and Trenzado Romero (1997)...

Exaggeration Of Masculinity

Hrithik Roshan Fiza 2000

In the film Fiza, the protagonist Amaan undergoes a significant masculin-ization (Dyer 1992). In the beginning we can see Amaan laughing and joking with his mother and his sister. He is interested in the aesthetic aspects of Indian star Hrithik Roshan showing a hypermasculine persona in Fiza (2000). Indian star Hrithik Roshan showing a hypermasculine persona in Fiza (2000). art and painting. We can also see him laughing. In these scenes, the female side of Amaan is stressed, and thus there is a...

Of Surfaces And Planes

Standing on the margins of the new independent Argentine cinema, Esteban Sapir's Picado fino is a unique film that gestures toward the past even as it distinguishes itself from both previous and contemporary films about young adults. Set in the city of Buenos Aires, the story revolves around Tom s, a young man from a working-class family who is ostensibly looking for work after he discovers that his girlfriend Ana is pregnant. Frequently shot in close-ups that cut across rather than frame his...

Aniko I

Anyone even vaguely familiar with Eastern and Central European films will notice their preoccupation with children and teens. Yet, ''youth film,'' in the sense of a genre of films that address young people, is at best an emerging concept in postsocialist cultures. Similar to the way in which Hollywood's teen representations have changed over the decades along with the political climate,1 adolescents have served as indispensable representational devices for Hungarian, Slovak, or Polish...

Alexandra Seibel

In April of 1956, a West German film production company organized a discussion panel that set out to negotiate a fervent question. The question was directed toward Berlin's postwar youth, printed on red billboards throughout the city ''Are you really like this '' This meant deviant, delinquent, or dangerous. The actual reason for posing the question at this particular time was the promotional campaign that had just started for Georg Tressler's teen movie Die Halbstarken (West Germany, 1956)....

Notes

I would like to thank the different censorship classification boards, including those in Brussels, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, London, and Paris. 1. Report of the Departmental Committee on Children and the Cinema, Secretary of State, May 1950, London. 2. ''Legion Approves Eight of 15 New Productions,'' Motion Picture Herald, March 12, 1955. 3. W. H. M. ''Rebel Without a Cause. The Tidings, Oct. 28, 1955. 4. BBFC file on The Wild One, Robertson 1989 105 . 5. Watkins BBFC to Ayres MGM , March 24,1955,...

Contributors

Savag Arslan is an assistant professor in the Film and Television Department at Bahcesehir University, Istanbul. His work on various aspects of Turkish cinema has been presented at international conferences in the U.S. and in Italy and published in several books and magazines in Turkey. Among these are studies of the language of film criticism in Turkey, center-periphery differences in melodramas, and remakes and adaptations of Western films such as The Exorcist, Superman, and Zorro. He is also...

Claudia Preckel

Islam embraces many principles and ideas about childhood and Islamic Muslim education, which differ according to historical time period and region Barazanji, 406 . All of these schools of thought aim at shaping children's characters in line with the Islamic worldview. Islamic families are entitled to educate their children in order to allow them to follow the Quran and the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad. Tradition encourages young people to ''Worship none but Allah alone and be dutiful and...

Islamic Enlightenment versus Westernization in Turkish Cinema savas arslan

Mehmet You behave like a young Viennese girl. You are learning western music Bach, Beethoven, and Strauss. Why leyla It is very simple I like Vienna and the Viennese. mehmet But you are not Viennese. You are from Istanbul. You are a Turk. I cannot understand why one would learn somebody else's music without learning one's own. from a conversation in the movie Memleketim Popular Turkish cinema, known as Yegilgam, peaked in the 1960s and 1970s in a complex context it needed to respond not only to...

Establishing An Analogy

We find a striking image of a chicken in a Brazilian movie poster for City of God. The poster alludes to the first sequence of the movie, with its image of The Brazilian movie posterior City of God features a significant image of a large chicken. The Brazilian movie posterior City of God features a significant image of a large chicken. armed teenagers and children above the title and a chicken below, its wings spread, apparently trying to fly. The sentence used as a subtitle calls our attention...

Of Seawalls And Scaffolding

The following section offers a contrasting view of how youth is being formulated in contemporary Cuba. Whereas in Argentina there has been an explosion of filmmaking activity by younger directors in recent years, in Cuba these types of productions are both less numerous and less visible. This absence is the result of a number of circumstances, among them, the economic difficulties starting in the 1990s that have sharply curtailed ICAIC productions and, perhaps even more important, the...

Teen Masculinities in Recent Spanish Cinema santiaco fouzhernandez

YOUTH AND CHiLDREN iN SPANISH CINEMA Films about youth have been prominent in Spanish cinema of the last three decades. Data suggest that in the early 1990s youth went from media under-representation to overrepresentation and, according to Trenzado Romero, the profession most widely represented by male characters in the Spanish cinema of the 1990s was that of the student, even if the narrative was completely unrelated to the world of education 99-100 .1 Young people between 15 and 29 years of...

The Comingof Age Girl in Contemporary New Zealand Cinema mary m wiles

Pai Waka Whale Rider

The storyteller takes what she he tells from experience her his own or that reported by others. And she he in turn makes it the experience of those who are listening to the tale. In every case the storyteller is a wo man who has counsel for her his reader . . . Walter benjamin, ''the storyteller, in Illuminations Filmmaker Vincent Ward remarks, ''Childhood is a common theme in New Zealand writing. Perhaps this is due to the relative newness of the national identity, and 'rites of passage'...

Universality

While one might consider the kind of exoticization and construction of an ahistorical cultural authenticity I describe in the previous section to be the opposite of a claim that the films are ''universal'' how can the films be both about a specific exotic delicious patriarchal culture and about all cultures at all times i.e., universal in fact these two different kinds of representations depend on and support one another. Once a culture is fixed into a static, ahistorical authenticity and...

Angels

In order to characterize a prominent group of East and Central European films about adolescents, I am borrowing the image of angels from ''Gangsters and Angels,'' the Hungarian critic Sandor Turcsanyi's article about Arpad Sopsits' film Torzok Abandoned, 2001 . Turcsanyi argues that representations of innocent, ethereal, vulnerable, often orphaned5 young people are central to understanding Hungarian and, by extension, East and Central European cinemas and cultures. Torzok exemplifies the...

Laura Podalsky

Over the past decade or so, there has been a proliferation of films from a variety of Latin American countries about disaffected youth, among them Rodrigo D No futuro 1990, Colombia , Johnny Cien Pesos 1993, Chile , Madagascar 1994, Cuba , Pizza birra faso 1997, Argentina , Amor vertical 1997, Cuba , and Amores perros 2000, Mexico . Although tales of youthful alienation have been a cinematic staple in many countries since the 1960s, many of these recent Latin American films depart from the...

Info

Film and the Nuclear Age Representing Cultural Anxiety. New York Garland, 1997. Pickle, Betsy. ''Young Actress Shines in Elegant Whale Rider. Scripps Howard News Service, June 26, 2003, sec. Entertainment. Pidduck, Julianne. ''After 1980 Margins and Mainstreams. In Now You See It Studies on Lesbian and Gay Film, ed. Richard Dyer and Julianne Pidduck. 2nd ed. London Routledge, 2003, 265-294. Pike, Andrew, and Ross Cooper. Australian Film 1900-1977. Melbourne Oxford University...

And The Homosexual Seduction Myth

From the late nineteenth century through the late 1960s, sodomy laws in Germany and postwar East and West Germany constructed the male homosexual as a monstrous figure who poses a threat to the patriarchal power of the state and the welfare and morality of its youth. In 1871, the newly formed German state adopted Prussia's anti-sodomy law, which became Paragraph 175 of the Reich Criminal Code. The law declared that an ''unnatural sexual offense, which is committed by two people of the male sex...

Sonia Cristina Lino

In the first sequence of the Brazilian movie City of God 2002 , with pagode1 music in the background, we see slums and a group of people in a party mood getting ready to cook a few chickens. With vibrant images and rhythm, the audience is introduced to this situation from the perspective of one of the chickens that is waiting to be cooked. Held by the foot, the chicken watches as another chicken is killed and plucked. The visible anxiety of the animal is underlined by the fast editing and the...

The Apolitics of Rebellion xuelin zhou

In February 2004, Chun Shu, a Beijing teenage writer, appeared on the cover of Time Asia. Chun, along with another high school-dropout-turned-writer, Han Han, punk rocker Li Yang, and computer hacker Man Zhou, were described in Time's lead article as the embodiment of disaffected Chinese youth and were labeled linglei, a word used to carry negative connotations of''a disreputable hooligan'' but in the official dictionary defined as ''an alternative lifestyle'' Feb. 2, 2004 . While it is...

Venezuela

Oro diablo Devil Gold 2000 Sicario 1994 Anders als du und ich The Third Sex 1957 Chinesisches Roulette Chinese Roulette 1976 Christiane F. Wir Kinder vom Bahnhof Zoo We Children from Bahnhof Zoo 1981 Die Halbstarken Teenage Wolfpack 1956 Endstation Liebe Last Stop Love 1958 Leidenschaftliche Bl mchen Boarding School 1978 Nordsee ist Mordsee North Sea Is Dead Sea 1976 Schulm dchen-Report Was Eltern nicht f r m glich halten 1970 Schulm dchen-Report 2 Was Eltern den Schlaf raubt 1971 Schulm...

Youth Culture Genre and Performance in Charlie Ahearns Wild Style kimberley bercov monteyne

Urban Youth Culture

While it is hard to imagine a moment when hip-hop was not predominant in both urban and suburban youth culture, there was a time when it could be termed subcultural. In fact, even before MTV latched on to it as the next big thing, one of the first vehicles for hip-hop's entry into the mainstream in the early '80s was through the musical, in such films as Wild Style 1982 , Beat Street 1984 , and Krush Groove 1985 . Although these films are in fact musicals, film historians have rarely tackled...

The Unremarkable US Popular Press Reception of Bend It Like Beckham and Whale Rider

Bend Like Beckham Symbols

The fact that U.S. popular culture pays attention to girls is certainly not a new phenomenon nevertheless, I would argue that representations of girls have significantly intensified since the mid-1980s. For example, since as early as 1923, when Time began publishing, girls appeared on the cover of that magazine once per year in most years but, starting in 1986 they appeared several times nearly every year. In the 1990s, new television shows centering on girls included Clarissa Explains It All...

Kimberley Bercov Monteyne

Part 111 youth and inner-national conflict 107 chapter 7. Out of Depth The Politics of Disaffected Youth and Contemporary Latin American Cinema 109 laura podalsky chapter 8. Birds That Cannot Fly Childhood and Youth in City of God 131 chapter 9. Portraying Muslim Youth in Egypt and India Worship None but Allah and Be Dutiful and Good to Parents 144 claudiapreckel chapter 10. Projecting a Bridge for Youth Islamic Enlightenment versus Westernization in Turkish Cinema 157

Daniel Biltereyst

Daniel Biltereyst

In the mid-1950s, the gradual relaxation of the Hollywood Production Code and the growth of independent filmmaking brought to the forefront a whole series of American movies which openly explored taboo-breaking subjects around sexuality, crime, and the use of drugs. One strand of movies causing a heated public controversy dealt with the social problem of juvenile delinquency. Films like The Wild One 1953 , Blackboard Jungle 1955 , and Rebel Without a Cause 1955 directly confronted the issue of...