19. Adam, 65. One such "repeat offender'' was Karl Gorath, who was turned in to the Gestapo by a jealous lover and sent to a concentration camp, where he managed to survive by switching his pink triangle for a red one (the symbol for political prisoners). When the Americans liberated Germany in 1945, Gorath was released, but was sentenced soon after to four years in prison for violating Paragraph 175. Klaus Müller, "Introduction," in The Men with the Pink Triangle, ed. Heinz Heger, trans. David Fernbach (Boston: Alyson Publications, 1994), 14. Gorath is one of the gay concentration camp survivors whose life is commemorated in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC. See Müller, 15.

23. Apparently the film's U.S. distributor, D & F, was not able to face it. Released under the title The Third Sex, the film's trailer makes no mention of its homosexual content. Instead, it focuses on Klaus and Gerda and how their "shocking relationship'' and "illicit love'' lead to "the most lurid trial in history.'' The trailer is included on Homo Promo (2004, Strand Releasing), a DVD curated by Jenni Olson that features trailers from gay- and lesbian-themed films released between 1953 and 1977.

24. Martin Dannecker, Theories of Homosexuality, trans. David Fernbach (London: Gay Men's Press, 1981), 15.

25. Klare, 11, as quoted in Dannecker, 18.

26. Bundestagsdrucksache IV 650, 4 October 1962—Regierungsentwurf eines Strafgesetzbuches E 1962 [Bundestagsdrucksache IV 650, 4 October 1962—Govern-ment draft of the Penal Code E 1962], quoted from Plädoyer fur die Abschaffung des %175 [Plea for the Abolition of Paragraph 175] (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1966), as quoted in Dannecker, 18.

27. Klare, 12, as quoted in Dannecker, 18.

28. Plädoyer, 142, as quoted in Dannecker, 18.

29. "Homosexualität [Homosexuality],'' Der Spiegel, no. 20 (May 1969): 68.

30. Dannecker, 19.

31. "Homosexuality Laws East by West Germany,'' Los Angeles Times, May 11,



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