P

Panchromatic viewing filter, 46 Paper, photographic, 6-8, 79, 84, 265 choosing, 79 contrast of, 101,216

Paper, photographic (cont) fiber-based, 264 graded, 265

modern papers, procrustean bed of, 7-8 resin-coated (RC), 79,264 variable-contrast (polycontrast), 79, 265 PCs, 111,181

Personal working ASA (exposure index), 83 Photo Lab Index, The, 202 Photographer's Formulary, 214, 219 Photography (London and Upton), 230 Photoshop, see Adobe Photoshop Piaget, Jean, 124 Picker, Fred, 69 Pixels, 116,129,130,191 digital image sensor pixels, 189-190 hardware pixels, 117 image pixels, 117,190 monitor pixels, 117 printers, 190 scanners, 190 screen pixels, 117,189 size, 189

Placement for exposure, 41,49,68 Plane of sharp focus, 266 Point-and-shoot type cameras, 111 Polaroid films, 41,67-69 Polycontrast (variable-contrast) papers, 79,101, 265

Posterization, see Banding Previsualization, xiii, 3, 28-30, 29,34,39,46,

49, 68 Print processing, 263 Print quality, 12 negative contrast and, 6 overdevelopment and, 10-11 overexposure and, 9 underdevelopment and, 10 underexposure and, 8-9 Print values (tones), 20 Printers, pixel, 190 Printing time, standard (SPT), 92-93 Prints, 246 judging test, 94-95

Problem negatives overdevelopment, 10-11 overexposure, 9 underdevelopment, 10 underexposure, 8-9 Processing, 256, see also Development Procrustean Bed, 149 Profile Connection Space (PCS), 174 ProPhoto RGB, 180 Pulling the film, 71 Pushing the film, 71

Quick Stick, 225

Raster Image Processor (RIP) solution, 188 Reciprocity failure, 225 Reflected-light meters, 36 Resample image box, 126 Resin-coated (RC) papers, 79, 264 Resolution, 117,119,120,123,124,126,172, 189

Roll film, 92 exposure plan for, 90 Zone System applied to, 69-70

Safelight, 221 Scanners, 122,190 optimizing, 122 pixels, 190 Scanning process, 123-127 Screen pixels, 189 Selenium toner, 59, 214 Semi-automatic cameras, 270 Separation, tonal, 7, 59, 218,222,264-265 Setting the white point, 136-137 Shadow, 6 exposing for, 13,43 Zone III and, 25 Shadow densities, 6,12,15, 58,95

Sheet film, 92,96,203, 206,232

exposure plan for, 90 Shutter, 268

Shutter-priority meters, 74 Shutter speeds, 31-32 Slide films, 70-71 Sontag, Susan, 234 Spot meters, 4, 36

problems from not using, 72-73 sRGB, 177,179

Standard printing time (SPT), 92-93 Stop bath, 261 Subject contrast, 6,12 measurement with in-camera meters, 52-55 and photographic papers, 6-7 Subject values, 49,153,260 Suggested readings, 233 Szarkowski, John, 234

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