Stages In The History Of Stardom

One of the most important outcomes of the 1980s tradition of work on stars was the construction of a history of relations between stars and their studio employers, as follows. 1. Stardom was not 'invented' in the mythological fashion that some early histories liked to tell it - although undoubtedly the showmanship of a figure like Carl Laemmle, 'stealing' Florence Lawrence and resurrecting her after planting the story of her death, played a role. But as Janet Staiger (1991) among others has...

Emotional Work

Woody and Buzz are essentially 'stars' because their functions prompt a form of 'emotional work' which is about versions of preservation and conservation, yet embodies an understanding of new modes of investment intrinsically related to mediated cultural knowledge and new media applications. This is crucial to the understanding of Woody and Buzz, because they simultaneously operate as a meta-narrative about the impact of new information and entertainment technologies, but embody deeply primal...

Star Studies After Dyer

These are a few changes that have complicated our picture of stardom across the last three decades. Recent academic work on stardom has had plenty to say about these changing conditions. Among the recent developments has been greater attention to industrial contexts and questions of political economy. Paul McDonald's recent book (2000) provides more than an overview - it is a direct challenge to researchers to think more widely than matters of meaning and performance. He points to the...

Celebrity Nudes

Mass market pornography has a history of appropriating technologies of image reproduction and distribution. From photography to 16mm film and home video, the adult entertainment industry has always quickly adopted new media technologies, and the internet has proved no exception. Pornography has become one of the most prevalent forms of electronic commerce and a channel for sexual entrepreneurship (Lane, 2000). Possibly more than any other type of entertainment content, porn seems most...

Everybody Is A Star

The reception of Asian stars by Asian American audiences can be traced through writings about cinema published in the abundance of Asian American style magazines and fanzines that have sprung up over the past decade or so. In addition, a flourishing reception context for such images has been created through Asian American film festivals in cities such as Los Angeles, San Francisco and Seattle, as well as on many college campuses, and by the innovative programming strategies of niche...

Developments In Star Studies

Although it might not seem so from some recent histories, critical studies of stars and stardom did not begin with Richard Dyer's 1979 publication, Stan. In fact, as Dyer himself makes clear, work had been under way for some time. American studies had developed from within the psychology of identity-formation (Klapp, 1962 Benson, 1974). Like much psychological work since, this approach suffers from a sense of timelessness - as though the 'human needs' stars were supposed to exist outside...

Animation And Special Effects

This remains an ongoing issue in animation. It has taken an inordinate amount of time to suggest and evidence the view that animation works as a singular and distinctive vocabulary outside the parameters of live-action film-making. When acknowledged, 'animation' has largely been viewed as 'cartoonal' at its most populist, and 'avant-garde' at its most experimental a schedule filler children's entertainment and most significantly, in the context of this discussion, a form which has time and...

Questioning Paradigms Of Stardom

The star challenges analysis in the way it crosses disciplinary boundaries a product of mass culture, but retaining theatrical concerns with acting, performance and art an industrial marketing device, but a signifying element in films a social sign, carrying cultural meanings and ideological values, which expresses the intimacies of individual personality, inviting desire and identification an emblem of national celebrity, founded on body, fashion and personal style a product of capitalism and...

Martin Barker

Film studies has long been prone to a certain mild disease the affliction of high theory. Perhaps arising from a search for a distinctive kind of respectability, from a will to prove that film, like literature, has high cultural virtues, which can only be truly appreciated by properly educated aficionados, there has been a tendency to a certain grandiosity of theoretical claim about the ways films work and make meanings. In their own way, star studies too have also perhaps been prone to a...

From Barrymore To Malkovich

The four productions examined here reveal distinct intersections between the star-images of their leading actors, the textual emphases of the specific productions, and the horizons of expectation that helped to shape audience interpretations. The 1920 film was released a few weeks after the premi re of Barrymore's theatrical production of Richard III. This is an important conjunction, for as theatre scholar Michael Morrison points out, 'Barrymore's Richard III and Hamlet we. generally...

The Institutional Coordinates Of The Metatextual Persona

Certain trends in the commercial husbandry of movie stardom are rendering the projection of persona a risky enterprise. Compared to former times, today's stars are discursively challenged in their efforts to meld all the practices undertaken in their name into a coherent commercial identity. The new trial of persona goes beyond the usual complaints of lack of privacy and wears away at the notion of authenticity itself. The following developments, all...

Do The Rice Thing

My view of sexy is quite different from the mainstream. I find sexy to be revealed in the person, how they carry themselves and their characteristics, not in the looks. I think for many people, Chow Yun-Fat is sexy because he conveys confidence and a strong sense of self-esteem that most people are not used to associating with Asian men. Geraldine Kudaka, quoted in 'Rice is Nice', Yolk For the Generasian Next Form a picture of Chow Yun-Fat in your head large dove's eyes, cute dimples, toothy...

Two Generations Of Female Stars In Hollywood

At the beginning of the 1980s, Quigley's top ten, which lists the stars considered by exhibitors as the biggest box office attractions of the year, included as many as four women, yet afterwards there were at most three, and usually only one or two in 1983 there was none at all Moser, 2000 14 . With the exception of Bo Derek, the female stars ranked in the top ten during the 1980s were in their thirties and forties Jane Fonda born in 1937 , Barbra Streisand 1942 , Goldie Hawn 1945 , Bette...

Crossing Over The Appeals And Complications Of Filmmusic Synergies

The release of Men in Black appeared to mark a perfect moment of corporate synergy, with Smith at its heart. The film, in which Smith starred alongside Tommy Lee Jones, was distributed by Columbia Pictures it was produced by Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment , part of the Sony Corporation. The music - a soundtrack album including the main theme, also released as the 'B-side' to the single 'Gettin'Jiggy With It' - was released by Columbia Records, another branch of the Sony empire as was...

The Decline Of Metonymic Servitude

Acting is a personal service, inalienably vested in the person of the actor. Even though this person is variously modified by training, professional experience, cosmetic alteration, performance techniques and technologies, its ground remains deeply proprietorial, legally protected by the actor's name and likeness. Of course, there are definite limits on each actor's personal input into the process of portrayal. The majority of actors - walk-ons, supporting players - are destined to serve as...

Bodies Voices And Identity In Batman Forever

Actors' own statements and those of journalistic commentators tended to emphasise image styling and the physical labour of performance in the Batman films, rather than the emotional, psychological or oratorical demands of acting.27 For instance, Premiere magazine's on-set report from Batman opened with this description of Keaton at work Oh, man, this mask is the worst. Your neck feels like it's in a vice, you've got no peripheral vision, and you can't really hear. . And the sweat - ten takes,...

Star Studies And Media Affects Of Love And Hate

Unlike other areas of film and cultural studies, star studies has always reserved a conceptual space for affect. The fan's 'it just started from there' Barker and Brooks, 1998 67 has always been implied in star studies, even where 'empirical' audiences have not been investigated. Richard Dyer's seminal Stars, for example, suggests that 'particularly intense star-audience relationships occur amongst adolescents and women. These groups Dyer also discusses 'gay ghetto culture' all share a...

Fake Celebrity Nudes

The internet has also seen the publication of fake celebrity nude sites. In their organisation and structure, these sites closely resemble conventional celebrity nude sites, and similar subscription systems also apply. What differentiates fake sites is their content. Images of stars are digitally manipulated to create naked images or construct scenarios displaying stars in erotic contexts. Star faces are grafted on to naked bodies, and the faker's best efforts are made to hide the join....

The Silence Of The Lambs And The Rise Of Jodie Foster

Sheila Benson's review of Lambs 1991 praised director Jonathan Demme for going beyond 'easy effects calculated to make an audience jump' so as to focus 'on the hypnotic duel between his two strong central characters, an FBI trainee and a brilliant sociopath' Los Angeks Times, 13 February 1991 1 . For Benson, the duel between these characters was also a duel between the actors who portrayed them while, in the film's story, Clarice Starling at best manages a draw with Hannibal Lecter, the clear...

Info

The relationship of star power i.e. people giving the star individual as their sole reason for attendance with cultural consumption can be seen in some detail in these frequencies. There is a 'Stewart effect' in the Stewart sample and a 'Miller effect' in the Miller sample, with the former being stronger overall 29 per cent of those in the Stewart sample, as opposed to 4 per cent in the Miller sample and 5.5 per cent in the whole sample, named Stewart as their favourite actor 17.4 per cent...

Embodying Am Elastic Self The Param Etrics Of Contemporary Stardom

Recent inquiry into audience perceptions of stars has uncovered a new configuration in the existential parameters of stardom Gamson, 1994 . Today's stars - Madonna is the favourite example - epitomise the postmodern self, a de-centred subject, deeply reflexive and disdainful of the claims of identity. How rigorously the notion of textual dissemination can be applied to human identity or, more to the point, to a commercially valuable persona is an important question begged by such musings....